Circuit 12 / Conímbriga, Coimbra



Today we leave northwards to go and visit Conímbriga the Roman city, and the city of Coimbra, known traditionally to be the third most important city in Portugal. To get there go towards Torres Vedras, then, take the A8 highway towards Leiria. Then take the A1 towards Porto, exit at Condeixa and set off towards Conímbriga.

Conímbriga was situated next to the military road that connected Olisipo (Lisboa) and Bracara (Braga), it was the city of the pre-Celtic tribe of Conii and it was occupied by the Romans towards the end of the second century B.C. Conímbriga became a very important city, and by the beginning of the 4th century it was surrounded with fortified walls. Conquered and destroyed by the Sueves in 468, the city lost all of its wealth and even its name because the bishop who left Conímbriga transferred his palace as well as the city's name.

The first excavations took place between 1929 and 1944 and allowed to see how big the city actually was. Other renovations took place later but there is still a lot to discover, you can see the beautiful water-game house from the 2nd century with atrium, peristyle, triclinium, and magnificent mosaics with scenes of mythology, hunting and geometrical patterns. The Cantaber house, one of the richest on the Peninsula had private thermal baths. Remains of temples, thermal baths, walls, aqueduct, theatre and mosaics can be admired there; all these prove the great wealth of the Roman civilization and why these ruins are considered among the most important of the Peninsula. There is also a museum where there are ceramics, sculptures, mosaics, jewels and many objects found during the excavations.

Conímbriga
Conímbriga

From Conímbriga you continue to Coimbra 17 km further: "the student town", "the love capital of Portugal " and also, the city where the Fado they sing is different from that of Lisbon, more erudite, but which also speaks about love and fate. In Coimbra "fado" is sung by people, generally students from the university who wear black capes over their shoulders.

Coimbra already existed during Roman time and underwent the attacks of several peoples until the final Christian conquest in 1064. At Roman times Coimbra was a fort city and was called Emínio. In the 6th century with the fall of Conímbriga, the city became very important during the wisigoth and the Arabic periods. With the Christian conquest of 1064, Coimbra became the capital of a county going up to the left bank of the Douro river.
Later, it belonged to the "Condemned Portucalense" and was one of D.Henrique's and his wife's. favorite places of residence. The first king made Coimbra the capital of the realm and all the kings of the first dynasty were born there. Important events of Portuguese history took place in Coimbra, and very early on, the city became an intellectual large-scale centre.

Thanks to the presence of the Santa Cruz convent foundation, in 1131, it became a higher education school where Saint Antoine studied. The university was based in 1290 in Lisbon and transferred to Coimbra in 1308. It is one of he oldest in Europe with Salamanca, Bologna, Sorbonne and Oxford. Later the University went back to Lisbon then returned definitively to Coimbra in1537. Some of the most important people in history, all sectors merged, studied in Coimbra. Today students represent 20 % of the population of the city and thus have a very important economic weight. Set aside the University, Coimbra bases its economy on services and industry: in particular ceramics, woodwork and food processing.

Coimbra - Mosteiro de Santa Cruz
Coimbra - Torre de Universidad

Coimbra is a city with a rich heritage from different periods, and it has a very special atmosphere that comes from being a university town.

This city is divided into 3 parts : the former city at the top of the hill where the university is, the more commercial lower part of the city, and the more residential modern city, with apartment buildings, and where there are also services, a faculty hospital, the new faculties and even shopping centres.

The patron saint of the city is Queen Isabel of Portugal. The princess, daughter of Pierre III of Aragon arrived from Barcelona or from Saragossa to get married to king D.Dinis in 1288. She was a person of great kindness and generosity who quickly conquered all of the Portuguese. She also repeatedly avoided conflict between her husband and her son. After the death of the king she left to the Santa Clara convent and died in Estremoz in 1336. She was canonized in 1625. Every second year, at the beginning of July, in Coimbra there is a fete day to celebrate the Queen. They transport through the city the statue of the queen while people throw rose petals on the ground, to symbolise the rose miracle, when the queen is said to have transformed the bread which she brought for some poor men into roses when she saw the king arriving.

 
 
 

Im Deutschland : 08678219331
Hauptbüro : 00335 53 40 87 18 (alle beide englisch gesprochen)
Lizens das Turistenministerium 047950002. Finanzgarantie AV06006D von Crédit Agricole, Haftpflicht von Generali Assurance, police AA142830
Golf Portugal | Ferien bei Lissabon Portugal | Algarve Turist Information | Portugal Sitemap | Fewo Frankreich | Fewo Dänemark | Seite der Linken
Copyright 1997-2014 Portugal-Villa: Ferienwohnungen in Portugal